Tuesday, 12 December 2017

What is Hysterectomy (Uterus Removal Surgery) - By Dr. Nivedita Kaul, Fortis lafemme shalimar bagh

Hysterectomies are one of
the most common surgical procedures in the world, with greater than 600,000
performed each year. For decades, abdominal and vaginal approaches accounted
for the vast majority of hysterectomies. The advent of better laparoscopic technology
resulted in the first Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) in 1989.

An abdominal hysterectomy
is a surgery which removes the uterus through an incision in lower abdomen. A
uterus or womb is a place where a baby grows if anyone is pregnant. A partial
hysterectomy removes just the uterus, leaving the cervix intact. A total
hysterectomy removes the uterus and the cervix.

Vaginal hysterectomy has
been a wonderful breakthrough in the field of gynaecology. This hysterectomy
procedure involves the removal of the uterus and cervix (or parts of the two,
depending on the requirement of the surgery) using a laparoscope, by taking a
vaginal approach. It helps to completely do away with surgical cuts that were
earlier required to be made in the abdominal region, during abdominal
hysterectomies. Those often led to scarring, increased risk of complications
and a longer time for surgery and recovery from hysterectomy. Conversely,
vaginal hysterectomies require minimum invasion, the sutures given are self
absorbing and there is practically no scarring seen, thus, reducing the overall
recovery period. Normally, an abdominal hysterectomy recovery would require up
to twelve weeks, whereas the vaginal hysterectomy recovery period can be as
short as three weeks, as it is a laparoscopic hysterectomy procedure. 

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